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China's economic prescriptions are beginning to work

wallpapers Tech 2020-11-05
Recently, the voice of the international community affirming that China's economy is on the rise. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Moody's, an international rating agency, recently raised China's economic growth forecast to 6.6% this year. An article published by the financial times on the 18th pointed out that some views of the outside world "singing Down" China's economy were exaggerated. In this regard, experts pointed out that the international community's confidence in China stems from the steady and good trend of China's economy, among which the steady performance of employment contributes a lot. Since this year, the employment indicators have performed well, the vitality of the employment market has emerged, and the social capacity to absorb employment has continued to increase. Looking at the whole year, China will be able to effectively cope with the new challenges in the field of employment, continue to maintain the basic stability of employment, and help China's economy develop better. Over 70% of the annual target has been achieved. China has always insisted on promoting employment as an important goal of economic and social development. According to the 2016 government work report, the main expected goals for this year's development include: more than 10 million new urban jobs and less than 4.5% registered urban unemployment rate. Among them, the employment goal of "more than 10 million new urban employment" has appeared in China's government work report for three consecutive years. Judging from the completion of this goal, 13.22 million people in 2014 and 13.12 million people in 2015 exceeded the annual expectation. This year, China is still expected to exceed expectations: according to the Ministry of human resources and social security, 7.17 million new urban jobs have been created in the first half of this year, accounting for 71.7% of the annual target. Take another look at the target of unemployment rate mentioned in the government work report: at the end of the second quarter, the registered unemployment rate in cities and towns across the country was 4.05%, within the expected target range; according to the unemployment rate data surveyed by the Bureau of statistics, the unemployment rate in the urban survey of major cities in China is basically stable at about 5.2%, and the unemployment rate in 31 large cities is about 5%, which is generally stable. "Since this year, although the economic growth rate has dropped compared with last year, the employment index is very stable, which is closely related to China's economic resilience and great potential. The positive promotion of economic restructuring and kinetic energy conversion has made an important contribution to employment stability. Employment and economic development complement each other. Stable employment can provide a good environment for economic development, effectively promote the transformation and upgrading of economic structure, and provide important support for China's economic development. " Zhang Libin, a researcher at the Labor Science Research Institute of the Ministry of human resources and social security, said in an interview with our reporter. China's employment is not only stable but also dynamic. The national development and Reform Commission pointed out a few days ago that with the emergence of new technologies and new applications such as mobile Internet, app and mobile payment, the sharing economy is developing rapidly, and new economic forms such as car sharing and accommodation sharing are emerging, which have spawned a large number of new employment opportunities. 58 intra city network big data analysis shows that in the first half of this year, labor demand in the field of private car sharing increased by 36.4% year-on-year. At the same time, with the optimization of economic structure, China's employment structure is also quietly changing. The tertiary industry has accounted for more than 40% of the total employment, and the ability to absorb employment has been significantly enhanced. In the first half of this year, according to the big data of 58 intra city networks, the employment demand of education, entertainment and health care industries increased by 57.1%, 40.2% and 13.6% respectively over the same period of last year; the service industry accounted for 72.42% of the newly added urban employment in Sichuan Province, an increase of 8.72% year-on-year. In addition, the development momentum of "mass entrepreneurship and innovation" is good, new enterprises are constantly emerging, and the number of migrant workers and other personnel returning home to start businesses is increasing. According to the data of the national development and Reform Commission, in the first half of the year, an average of 14000 enterprises were newly registered, setting a new record. According to the data of the Ministry of agriculture, by the end of 2015, the number of migrant workers returning home to start businesses has exceeded 4.5 million, accounting for about 2% of the total number of migrant workers. The proportion of university graduates returning to start their own businesses has increased from 0.5% a few years ago to 1%. "Entrepreneurship is the source of employment. The blowout growth of new enterprises can drive large-scale employment and gradually develop into an important driving force for employment. As every new enterprise needs to absorb new employees, its effect in promoting employment is very obvious. " Zhang Libin said that recently, the employability of migrant workers and other personnel returning home to start their own businesses has also been enhanced. In the future, more and more people will choose to return home to start businesses, which will further promote the stable development of China's employment. There are still "backward Recruitment" to stabilize employment. While China has made achievements in employment, the possible challenges can not be ignored. Yin Weimin, Minister of the Ministry of human resources and social security, recently pointed out that China's employment is facing new challenges with various contradictions interwoven, and the situation is still complex. The contradiction between the supply of labor force and the demand of labor force remains unchanged. The task of youth employment is arduous. The number of college graduates in China will continue to increase during the 13th Five Year Plan period, reaching about 7.7 million per year. The task of employee placement in structural adjustment is arduous. In the face of these challenges, China is taking measures to actively respond to them. The national development and Reform Commission pointed out that in the second half of the year, we should take employment as the core goal, increase support for major projects such as railways, shantytowns and water conservancy projects in the central and western regions and key livelihood projects, and increase employment opportunities; expand the leading role of central cities in absorbing employment, create more regional economic and employment centers, and vigorously support returning home to start businesses. For this year's 7.65 million college graduates, the Ministry of human resources and social security has promoted the employment promotion plan and the entrepreneurship guidance plan, and has established a real name information database for unemployed graduates who have left school, providing targeted employment services according to their employment willingness and actual situation. Lian Weiliang, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said that the central government has allocated 100 billion special funds for the resettlement of employees in the process of de production capacity. So far this year, 30.7 billion yuan has been allocated to local governments and enterprises, and about 20% of the follow-up compensation funds are still available. "A series of targeted measures will help ease the employment pressure and gradually resolve the difficulties and challenges faced by China's employment. As far as the objectives set out in the government work report are concerned, it should not be a problem to achieve the annual targets. In the second half of the year, China's employment will remain basically stable under the background of ensuring the effective implementation of various employment promotion policies and measures and the continuous promotion of supply side structural reform. We should have enough confidence in this. " Zhang Libin said. (Leqing)

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