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What are the Strongest Metals in the world?

A tanker carrying 650,000 barrels of Venezuelan crude oil is reportedly bound for Europe, the first time Venezuela has exported crude to Europe in the past two years under US sanctions.  It is analyzed that the U.S. is making up for the European energy gap caused by the sanctions against Russia by giving the green light to Venezuelan oil exports. It is reported that Venezuela is rich in oil resources, with the current proven reserves of 300 billion barrels, ranked the world's first, oil export is also one of the country's economic pillars.  


Germany will take emergency measures to ensure it meets its energy needs, including increasing its use of coal, the German government said recently, after a drop in gas supplies from Russia.  

"In order to reduce gas consumption, it is necessary to reduce the use of gas for electricity generation," the Economy Ministry said in a statement. We're going to have to switch to more coal-fired power plants."  

The measures announced that day also include an "auction" system to sell natural gas to manufacturers, according to reports. The German government says the system will help reduce gas consumption in manufacturing industries.  

The measures come as Russian energy giant Gazprom recently warned that it would sharply cut gas supplies to Europe, the report said.

The supply and prices of international bulk tungsten powder are still very uncertain.

With metals, direct comparisons based on strength do not work. Because there is no single, universal scale of power. Four types of strength related to metallurgy will be introduced in this article.
 
Tensile strength 
Tensile strength is the ability of a material to resist tension. It takes into account the force required to stretch or pull something apart. Materials with low tensile strength are easier to pull apart than materials with high tensile strength. 
 
Compressive strength 
Compressive strength is the ability of a material to withstand compression (compression).  To test the compressive strength, an external force is applied to the material to track how much the material resists a reduction in size. A widely accepted test for compressive strength is the Mohs hardness test. The test uses a 1-10 or softest and hardest mineral grading scale.
 
Yield strength 
Yield strength is the ability of a material to withstand permanent deformation or bending.  This is a way of testing the elastic limit of a given material. This is usually determined by a bending test, in which the ends of a beam or rod are clamped and pressure applied. The aim is to discover how much stress is required to exceed the yield point of the material, or the point at which the material will not return to its original shape after the stress is removed. 
 
Impact strength 
Impact strength refers to the ability of a material to withstand impact without cracking or breaking. In other words, it's a way to determine the limit of the energy a material can absorb through impact. 
 
Since the strength of a metal depends on many factors, there is no simple answer to the question "what is the strongest metal?" However, several metals are considered to be the strongest, including:
 
carbon steel 
chromium 
Inconel 
stainless steel 
titanium 
tool steel 
tungsten 
 
For example, compare tungsten and titanium 
Tungsten is the strongest of all natural metals in terms of tensile strength (142,000 psi).  But in terms of impact strength, tungsten is weak -- it's a fragile metal and is known to shatter on impact. Titanium, on the other hand, has a tensile strength of 63,000 psi. But when you calculate the density of titanium and compare it pound to pound, it's better than tungsten. In terms of compressive strength, titanium has a much lower Mohs hardness index.
 
Knowing which material is the strongest really depends on what you're going to do with it.  In some applications, high yield strength is critical, but compressive strength is not a factor.
 
 
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In a recent interview with Izvestia, Russian Federation Council Chairman Matviyenko said that Russia is open to dialogue with the West based on mutual respect, but the opportunity to resume dialogue will only come after the end of special military operations.  

Matviyenko also noted that Europe currently lacks politicians who can make independent decisions.  She said the EU's strategy to wean itself off Russian energy by 2027 would be costly, with Russia supplying 40 percent of Europe's gas, 27 percent of its oil, and 46 percent of its coal, and was essentially "anti-European" and a "tax" on US global dominance.

On Sweden's and Finland's plans to join NATO, Matviyenko said Russia will take corresponding measures if NATO weapons and equipment appear in the two countries, and Russia is capable of guaranteeing its own security. 

Besides, speaking by video at an international conference, Ukraine's minister of agricultural policy and Food, said the country's grain tungsten powder are expected to continue to be influenced by international situations.

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